Pulse Position Modulation(PPM)

Pulse Position modulation is another type of Pulse Time modulation technique that is in PPM the position of the pulse carrier is varied in accordance with the instantaneous values of the message signal, where as the amplitude and width of the pulse remains constant. here message lies in the position(OFF periods) of the PPM signal.

PPM demodulator:-

The PPM Demodulator consists of a Transistor T1  which acts as a switch followed by a second order Low pass filter circuit( using OP-AMP).

 As the  input to the demodulator is a PPM signal, the gaps between pulses contains the information in PPM signal. Let us consider a PPM signal with OFF and ON periods marked from A to F.

Here Transistor T1 acts as a switch  as follows

  • input to the base of T1 is low  —–> Transistor T1 is in cut-off region.
  • input to the base of T1 is high  —–> Transistor T1 is in Saturation region.

during  the time inerval AB, the input to the base of T1 is low and transistor T1 moves into cut-off region in this condition capacitor C charges to a vlotage proportional to length of time duaration AB that is the height of the ramp is equals to duration AB.

During the time interval BC, the input to T1 is high and T1 moves into Saturation region in this case Capacitor ‘C’ discharges through T1 , this discharge is rapid and the collector voltage remains low over the duartion BC.

This process continues and results a saw-tooth wave form at the output of transistor T1 , by applying this signal to a second order LPFn Demodulated signal has been obtained as the final output.

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Author: Lakshmi Prasanna Ponnala

Completed M.Tech in Digital Electronics and Communication Systems and currently working as a faculty.